About us

We provide specialist equipment and expert scientists to help you carry out analytical research.

Our state-of-the-art equipment and expert technologists offer transdisciplinary analytical support, including sample preparation, data collection and interpretation of results.

The Central Analytical Research Facility (CARF) is located across QUT campuses, with the main node situated in the Science and Engineering Centre at our Gardens Point campus.

Services and equipment

We offer services to QUT staff and students, external researchers and commercial organisations, ranging from basic technical support to commercial research.

Specialist staff are available to carry out analyses, or we can train you to use the instruments to do your own work.

Contact carf@qut.edu.au to discuss your project.

Capabilities

We support scientific analytical research, teaching and learning to enable real-world results.

Elements and isotopes

We have equipment to chemically analyse a wide range of gas, liquid and solid samples.

Overview

Our researchers can help analyse your materials and samples using the cutting edge technologies in our elements and isotopes laboratory.

Our laboratory houses an array of top-end instruments for chemically analysing a wide range of gas, liquid and solid samples, down to parts per trillion in some cases.

Most samples need to be crushed, powdered, extracted or diluted without process contamination into a form that can be analysed by the instrument. We can assist with preparing samples as required.

Details

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for a range of analyses and discovery.

Carbon, nitrogen and sulfur (CNS) analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
LECO TruMac Series Macro Determinator Analysis of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur in macro samples (up to 3g for nitrogen; up to 1.5g for carbon/nitrogen; up to 0.3g for carbon/nitrogen/sulfur).
FlashSMART CHNS or O Analysis of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur in micro samples (maximum size 2mg).
Shimadzu TOC-V (with TNM attachment) Total Organic Carbon Analyser Measurement of total carbon (TC), inorganic carbon (IC), total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) in liquid samples, such as river, lake, ocean, wastewater and industrial samples (max concentration ~100ppm).

Chromatography

Instrument Capabilities and features
Agilent 7890A Gas Chromatograph Analysis of methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide
Dionex ICS-2100 Ion Chromatograph Anion analysis (F-, Cl-, NO3-, Cl-, SO42-, Br-) of aqueous samples. Analysis methods can be made to order.

Electrochemistry

Instrument Capabilities and features
TPS pH, conductivity and dissolved oxygen meter and ion probes pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and specific ion measurement for aqueous samples.
Mettler Toledo T50 Titrator-Rondolino Automated titration with nine-place sample changer for alkalinity, acid base titration, etc.

Mass spectrometry

Instrument Capabilities and features
Sercon 20-22 Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer Precise measurements of 12C, 13C, 14N, 15N, 16O, 17O, 18O isotopes in gas, liquid or solid samples.
Agilent 8800 Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) Triple quadrupole mass spectrometer capable of trace metal analysis down to parts per trillion.
Agilent 8800 Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (LA-ICP-MS) Determination of trace element concentrations, down to parts per billion, in a wide range of solid samples.
Syft Technologies VOICE200ultra Selected Ion Flow Tube Mass Spectrometer (SIFT-MS) High sensitivity, real-time high-throughput quantitative gas analysis. Simultaneous analysis of chemically diverse VOCs and inorganics to pptv level.

Spectroscopy

Instrument Capabilities and features
Thermo Fisher Gallery Discrete Analyser Automated wet chemistry analyser with extensive applications: water, wastewater, soil, plant tissue, fertiliser, etc.
Agilent Cary 60 UV-VI Spectrophotometer Spectrometer for ultraviolet-visible analysis. Software allows for a wide range of applications.
Perkin Elmer Optima 8300 DV Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) Elemental analysis down to parts per million. Dual view instrument for TDS up to 20% and dynamic linear range.
Los Gatos Research (LGR) Liquid Water Isotope Analyser Measures δ18O and δ2H water in liquid.

Sample preparation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Martin Christ Alpha 1-4 LDplus Freeze Dryer Drying/water removal from solid samples including sediments, plant material and soils.
Bench top preparation Bench area for sample and reagent preparation. Glassware, ovens, dessicators, sinks and gases.
Dionex ASE 350 Accelerated Solvent Extractor (ASE) Extraction of solid and semi-solid samples using common solvents at elevated temperatures (40-200°C) and pressures.
Classie TheOX electronic fusion instrument Preparation of inorganic samples (fusion solutions and fused disks) for X-ray fluorescence (XRF).
Milestone Ultrawave Single Reaction Chamber (SRC) SRC microwave digestion system, up to 199 bars of pressure and 350°C.
Clean room Trace metal analysis preparation.
Analab CleanAcids and Savillex DST-1000 Acid Purification System Sub-boiling stills for purification of acids and reagents such as HNO3, HCI, HF and other solvents.
Balance room Various analytical balances with precision to 0.1 mg and 0.01 mg, as well as an anti-static kit.

Services and equipment hire

Our equipment is available to staff, students, external researchers and commercial organisations at a competitive price. Our laboratory provides both self-service and full-service options.

Conditions

  • A minimum number of samples applies depending on the instrument or analysis. Extra charges may apply or waiting time may be longer to make a batch.
  • For non-conventional samples requiring non-routine analysis, method development or additional advice on analytical setup and data processing, an additional charge will apply.
  • Charges will apply for additional sample preparation required before analysis (eg. ICPMS acid digestion, LECO dry and grind, IC extraction).

2021 indicative pricing for external researchers

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistanceUnassisted
Laser ablation ICP-MS
ICP-MS equipment use (half-day, 4 hours) $1,095 $920
ICP-MS equipment use (full-day, 8 hours) $1,640 $1,310
ICP analysis (per sample)
ICPOES - Major and trace element $31 N/A
ICPMS - Trace and ultra trace elements $53 N/A
Acid digestions/extractions for ICP analysis (per sample)
Hotblock extraction/digestion $20 N/A
Hot plate digestion $75 N/A
Microwave digestion $115 N/A
Elemental analysis (per sample)
Elemental analysis: O (mg-sized samples) $42 $26
Elemental analysis: CHNS (mg-sized samples) $42 $26
Bulk elemental analysis: CNS (g-sized samples) $17 $11
TOC-TN (liquid) $19 $11
Solvent extraction (per sample)
Dionex ASE $37 $17
Nutrient analysis (per sample)
Gallery Discrete Analyser (NO3- and NH4+) $11 $6
Anions by IC (per sample)
Dionex 2100: F-, Cl-, NO3-, Cl-, SO42-, Br- $19 $16
Greenhouse gas analysis (per sample)
CO2, CH4, N20 by GC $4 $3
SIFT-MS
VOICE200 Ultra (half day, 4 hours) $510 N/A
VOICE200 Ultra (full day, 8 hours) $895 N/A
Stable Isotopes Analysis (per sample)
IRMS: N2O, N2, CO2 gas by Cryo-IRMS $9 $7
IRMS: C and N in solids by EA-IRMS $14 $10
2H and 18O by LWIA $16 $9

2021 indicative pricing for commercial organisations

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance
Laser ablation ICP-MS
ICP-MS equipment usage (half-day, 4 hours) $2,635
ICP-MS equipment usage (full-day, 8 hours) $3,935
SIFT-MS
Batch set-up fee $153 per batch
Known analytes (up to 10 compounds) $102 per sample
Unknown analytes (up to 10 compounds) $220 per sample
With operator (half day, 4 hours) $1,250
With operator (full day, 8 hours) $2,185
ICP analysis (per sample)
ICPOES - major and trace elements $50 per sample
ICPMS - trace and ultra trace elements $85 per sample
Acid digestions/extractions for ICP analysis (per sample)
Hot block extraction/digestion $35 per sample
Hot plate digestion $105 per sample
Microwave digestion $175 per sample
Elemental analysis
Elemental analysis: O (mg-sized samples) $92 per sample
Elemental analysis: CHNS (mg-sized samples) $92 per sample
Bulk elemental analysis: CNS (g-sized samples) $36 per sample
TOC-TN (liquid) $36 per sample
Solvent extraction (per sample)
Dionex ASE $84 per sample
Nutrient analysis (per sample)
Gallery Discrete Analyser (NO3 and NH4) $26 per sample
Anion by IC (per sample)
Dionex 2100: F-, Cl-, NO3-, Cl-, SO42-, Br- $43 per sample
Stable isotopes analysis
IRMS: N2O, N2, CO2 gas by Cryo-IRMS $18 per sample
IRMS: C and N in solids by EA-IRMS $31 per sample  
2H and 18O by LWIA $31 per sample
Greenhouse gas analysis (per sample)
N2O, CH4, CO2 gas by GC $11 per sample

Sample submission forms

For assistance with preparing, labelling and submitting samples, please contact us.

Genomics

We focus on the study of genes and their functions, including genome and DNA analysis.

Overview

Genomics is an interdisciplinary branch of molecular biology concerned with the structure, function and evolution of DNA sequences. Massively parallel DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionised the field and now allow analyses to be performed at a fraction of the cost previously possible.

Equipment

Our equipment allows for a wide range of research applications. Technologies available in the genomics laboratory include:

  • Pacific Biosciences Single Molecule Real Time (SMRT) sequencing
  • Oxford Nanopore Ultra-long read sequencing
  • Illumina sequencing
  • fragment analysis
  • quantitative and digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
  • automated sample processing.

Genomic analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
Pacbio Sequel DNA Sequencer Rapidly and cost-effectively generates high-quality, whole genome de novo assemblies for larger genomes, such as human, plants and animals. It can provide a characterisation of a wide variety of genomic variation types, including those in complex regions not accessible with short-read or synthetic long-read sequencing technologies, while simultaneously revealing epigenetic information.
Illumina MiSeq Facilitates 0.3Gb to 15Gb of output with 1-25 million sequencing reads and 50 to 600 bp read lengths. Ideal for targeted re-sequencing, metagenomics, small genome sequencing and expression profiling sequencing projects.
Oxford Nanopore MinION Portable, real-time sequencing for both DNA and RNA. Capable of ultra-long read lengths and a number of biological analysis techniques including SV/SNV analysis, whole genome assembly, targeted sequencing, metagenomics, RNA sequencing and epigenetics.
Nanopore Flongle An adapter for the MinION that enables direct, real-time DNA or RNA sequencing on smaller single-use flow cells. Flongle is designed to be the quickest, most accessible and cost-efficient sequencing system for smaller tests and experiments.

Bio-Rad Droplet Digital PCR

Technology that provides ultrasensitive and absolute nucleic acid quantification. It is particularly useful for low-abundance targets, targets in complex backgrounds, allelic variants (SNPs) and for monitoring subtle changes in target levels that cannot be detected with quantitative PCR.

Quality control

Instrument Capabilities and features
Thermo Scientific NanoDrop2000 Measures the concentration and purity of DNA, RNA or protein samples. Wide spectral range (190-840 nm) for measuring a variety of samples types. Only requires 0.2 µL of your sample.
Qubit 4 Fluorometer

Fast and sensitive quantification of DNA, RNA and protein. More sensitive than UV absorbance and uses just 1 μL of sample.

Agilent Femto Pulse System

Powerful and automated pulsed-field capillary electrophoresis system. Easily achieve 10 times higher sensitivity for smears and up to 100 times for fragments. A meticulously designed optical detection platform and pulsed-field power enable unprecedented sensitivity, detecting nucleic acids into the lower femtogram range.
Agilent Fragment Analyzer System Uses automated parallel capillary electrophoresis to provide reliable and accurate quality control for DNA and RNA samples. Sample types include genomic DNA, NGS libraries, small RNA, cell free DNA, large DNA fragments and total RNA quality assessment.

Sample preparation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Covaris m220 Focused-ultrasonicator for shearing DNA prior to NGS library preparation. Generates tight, highly reproducible fragment distributions with integrated shearing programs, optimised to generate fragment sizes between 150-5000bp.
Sage Science Blue Pippin A preparative electrophoresis device that separates and elutes DNA fragments using pre-cast gel cassettes and pulsed-field electrophoresis. Capable of accurate collection of 50bp to 50kb+ fragments.
Diagenode Biorupter Sonification device used to break up DNA into smaller fragments for a wide range of applications. Uniformly processes multiple samples in sealed tubes of 0.5 ml to 50 ml capacity.
Eppendorf epMotion 5075t Liquid handling system used to automate pipetting tasks, eliminating manual pipetting errors and maximising reproducibility of assays. Utilised for a variety of applications such as DNA/RNA extraction, NGS library preparation, sample dilutions and pooling.

Using our services and equipment

We can provide support for all aspects of the genomics sample preparation and analysis workflow, including: DNA/RNA extraction library preparation quality control manual and automated sample processing bioinformatics analysis.

Our equipment is available to staff, students and external clients with both self-service and full-service options. Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental design process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

If you need equipment not currently available in the CARF genomics laboratory, it is likely we can arrange access to this, either through our partner institutions or preferred service providers.

Histology

Our histology lab is a complete service facility located at our Kelvin Grove campus.

Our laboratory can process, embed, section, stain and image fresh or fixed tissue, and specialises in expert, reproducible, high throughput histological services. We offer:

  • routine paraffin, cryo and more specialised resin histology services
  • soft and hard tissue capacity, specialising in bone tissue histology
  • rapid decalcification of mineralised samples
  • client designed tissue micro array blocks
  • specialised imaging capability including brightfield fluorescence stereomicroscopy, brightfield fluorescence microscopy in brightfield and fluorescence modes, high throughput slide scanning and FT-IR fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.

Sample preparation

We work with human, animal and plant samples often with implanted medical and regenerative devices. To ensure optimal sample preparation, we can:

  • rapidly decalcify hard or mineralised tissues before processing for routine paraffin histology and/or immunohistochemistry options
  • embed mineralised samples in resin and section (thin or ground) to better preserve tissue morphology (ideal for bone and metallic/ceramic implants common in dentistry and orthopaedics)
  • rapidly freeze and cryo section samples with labile antigens or processing-sensitive components prior to staining.

Accessing services and equipment

Our histology laboratory is available to staff and students and external clients at a competitive price. It provides both self-service and full-service tissue processing, sectioning, histochemical and immunohistochemical staining and automated, high throughput slide scanning.

Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

Booking instructions

To arrange a consultation, email histology@qut.edu.au

Conditions

  • Work will not commence until a quote has been agreed upon.
  • Machine use will be charged as 'per use' for any period less than an hour and in full 1-hour increments thereafter.
  • Paraffin sections will be placed onto slides with 2 sections per slide.
  • If embedding is being undertaken, the client must be present to advise on the orientation of the sample.
  • Automated staining may be set up for specific stains.
  • A minimum of 10 slides is required for all paraffin sectioning and staining requests.
  • Slide scanning images will be supplied as TIF/JPEG files.
  • You will be charged an additional $30 for each 100-slide capacity storage box supplied, unless you supply your own boxes before work starts.

Indicative pricing for external researchers

Machine use
Machine Per use Per hour
Exakt saw $10 $10
Exakt grinder $10 $10
Marmed saw $10 $10
Resin microtome $10 $10
Histology services

Prices include labour unless stated otherwise.

Service Labour per hour Per sample Per slide
Tissue processing Not applicable $3 Not applicable
Paraffin embedding $70 $6 Not applicable
Paraffin sectioning $70 Not applicable $5
Resin embedding - 25mL mould $70 $50 Not applicable
Resin embedding - 100mL mould $70 $200 Not applicable
Resin ground section - large $70 Not applicable $45
Resin ground section - small $70 Not applicable $35
Automatic H&E staining and coverslipping Not applicable Not applicable $5
Automatic counterstain (Hx after IHC) and coverslipping Not applicable Not applicable $5
Other simple stains and coverslipping - Safranin O, Oil Red O, Sirius Red, Toluidine Blue, von Kossa, Trichrome, Methyl Green Not applicable Not applicable $5 - $10
Slide scanning (20 slides minimum) Not applicable Not applicable $10
Training $70 Not applicable Not applicable

Equipment

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for:

  • paraffin histology
  • resin histology
  • cryo histology
  • high throughput processing and slide scanning
  • advanced light microscopy
  • image analysis
  • customised tissue micro array blocks

Paraffin histology

Instrument Capabilities and features
Milestone KOS Microwave HistoSTATION Rapidly decalcify specimens prior to paraffin processing with customisable programs. Perform antigen retrieval, microwave assisted histochemical and immunohistochemical staining.
Thermo Excelsior ES Tissue Processor Automatic tissue processor with multiple, customisable programs capable of handling standard, mega and super mega cassettes.
Shandon Paraffin Embedding Station Embed paraffin infiltrated soft and decalcified tissue samples prior to sectioning
Leica Rotary Microtomes (RM 2135, 2235, 2245, 2265) Manual and semi-automated microtomes for preparing histological sections (2µm+ thickness) from paraffin or resin embedded tissue.
Tissue MicroArrayer system (Unitma Quick-Ray UT06) Manual, customisable production of tissue microarray blocks, which can consolidate 10 to 100 target samples into a single paraffin block. Applies to cancer studies requiring high throughput screening or comparison, production of quality control blocks and miniaturisation of small or difficult to source tissues. Can provide simultaneous analysis of pathology tissue samples, providing cost and time savings for reagents and histochemical, immunohistochemical, immunofluorescence and in situ hybridisation techniques.
Cassette Writer Reliable, automated, permanent, highly legible labelling of biomedical histology cassettes. The bar code functionality integrates well with most laboratory information management systems.
Slide Printer Reliable, automated, permanent, highly legible labelling of microscopy slides used in biomedical, plant or material sciences fields. The bar code functionality integrates well with most laboratory information management systems.

Resin histology

Instrument Capabilities and features
Resin infiltration and embedding Embed hard and mineralised samples (with or without polymeric, metallic or ceramic implants) in a resin matrix prior to sectioning and histochemical and immunohistochemical staining.
EXAKT Precision Diamond Bandsaw Gross dissection of fresh or fixed calcified tissues and other hard samples.
EXAKT Precision Micro Grinder Prepare ground 30-50µm sections of resin embedded samples for staining and analysis.
Reichert-Jung Sledge Microtomes (Polycut D6907) Semi-automated microtomes for preparing histological sections (10µm+ thickness) from large paraffin embedded tissues or hard mineralised samples +/- scaffolds, medical or regenerative devices.

Cryo histology

Instrument Capabilities and features
Leica CM1820 Cryostat Prepare frozen sections for staining from fresh tissue by sectioning at <-10°C temperatures. Achieve results on fresh tissue without the need for fixation or processing. Suitable for immunohistochemical studies on labile antigens.

High throughput processing

Instrument Capabilities and features
Leica High Throughput Autostainer XL An automated staining machine with multiple staining protocols. Simultaneous staining provides high reproducability both within and between staining runs.
Leica Robotic Coverslipper Automates the application of coverslips neatly and accurately, optimising slide longevity and scanning results.

Imaging and image analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
Leica SCN400 High Throughput Slide Scanner Acquisition of high quality digital images from standard and double format slides at up to x40 magnification. Excellent for desktop analysis, presentations and publications. Ideally suited for digital archiving of valuable, irreplaceable and/or fragile slide libraries for research and industry. Permits increased accessibility to samples by authorised stakeholders in local and remote locations.
3D Histech Slide Scanner Acquisition of high quality digital images at up to x70 magnification with additional digital zoom. Provision of automated scanning in brightfield and fluorescence modes with barcoding, z-stacking and extended depth of focus functionalities.  Access tailor made, application-specific resolution analysis packages for commercially produced or in-house generated tissue micro-arrays. Excellent for desktop analysis presentations and publications. Ideally suited for digital archiving of valuable, irreplaceable and/or fragile slide libraries for research and industry. Provides increased accessibility to samples by authorised stakeholders in local and remote locations.
Nikon MacroImager Image capture and annotation for large samples.
Nikon SMZ25 Fluorescence Stereomicroscope Brightfield and fluorescence (4 channels) microscopic evaluation of large, gross or high profile samples with digital camera recording. Capable of extended depth of field and time lapse. Can image human, animal, plant and synthesised materials on supports or in tissue culture plates/wells.
Nikon SMZ745T Stereomicroscope on boom stand Brightfield microscopic evaluation and quality control assessment of large, gross or high profile samples with digital camera recording. Can image human, animal and plant samples, cultured cells in wells and synthesised materials including scaffolds, hydrogels and medical devices.
Osteomeasure Histomorphometry Suite Automatically calculate measurements of over 175 parameters of bone and tissue sections based on ASBMR Standard Nomenclature using imported images.
Zeiss AxioImager M2 upright microscope Brightfield, darkfield and fluorescence (6 channels) microscopic evaluation of thin sections with digital camera recording. Motorised X, Y and Z stage permits tiling of large samples with excellent stitching of image sets.
Zeiss AxioLab A1 upright microscope Brightfield microscopic evlauation and quality control assessment of thin samples including scaffolds and sections with digital camera recording capability.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Our advanced equipment allows us to investigate materials at the molecular scale.

Overview

Our nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance spectrometers allow us to investigate the structure, dynamics and interactions of materials at the molecular scale.

The Magnetic Resonance lab hosts several Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectrometers and an Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectrometer.

Equipment

The laboratory specialises in two different modalities of magnetic resonance spectroscopy:

  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for the study of a range of nuclei (typically 1H, 13C, 19F, 31P) in solution-state samples
  • Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy for the study of molecular species which contain one or more unpaired electrons, including stable free radicals, antioxidants, transition metal ions and reactive intermediates.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectrometers

Instrument Capabilities and features
Bruker Avance III 600 MHz

High-resolution NMR spectrometer typically configured for automated 1D and 2D spectroscopy of solution state samples under ambient conditions.

Probe: 5mm broadband BBO probe (1H and 107Ag to 19F) with 2H lock channel and Z gradient. Temperature range -150 to +150°C

SampleJet sample changer operating under IconNMR automation. BCU-I cooling unit for temperature control.

Bruker Avance III 400 MHz

High-resolution NMR spectrometer with; QNP and BBI probes for 1D and 2D spectroscopy of solution state samples under ambient or variable-temperature conditions; High-Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HR-MAS) probe for spectroscopy of gel-state samples (eg. swollen polymers, swollen beads, tissue samples).

  • Probe: 5mm QNP probe (1H, 13C, 15N, 31P) with 2H lock channel and Z gradient. Temperature range -150 to +180°C
  • Probe: 5mm inverse broadband BBI probe (1H and 107Ag to 31P) with 2H lock channel and Z gradient. Temperature range -200 to +80°C
  • Probe: HR-MAS probe (1H, 13C) with 2H lock channel. Temperature range -20 to +80°C

Liquid nitrogen dewar and boil-off heater for low-temperature measurements.

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectrometer

Instrument Capabilities and features
Magnettech MiniScope MS400 Benchtop EPR spectrometer with variety of sample tube holders, from capillary up to 5mm tubes. Variable temperature measurements -170 to +200°C. Access port for in-situ sample irradiation.

Using our services and equipment

Our equipment and services are available to QUT staff and students, external researchers and commercial clients.

The Magnetic Resonance facility typically operates under a self-service (unassisted) model for trained users, with some full-service (with technical assistance) options as listed below. Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

Due to the complex nature of most Magnetic Resonance experiments, we will work with you to assess the feasibility of the analysis, timeframes and costs for your project.

2021 indicative pricing for assisted use

Prices are indicative and vary depending on whether work is for external researchers or commercial organisations, and who carries out the work. We will provide a costing proposal for your approval before any work starts. Bookings are limited to 2 hours during the day (8am - 5pm).

Equipment, service or analysis External researchers Commercial organisations
NMR or EPR spectroscopy (per hour) $110 $450
NMR or EPR instrument training (per hour) $100 $150
Assistance with sample preparation, method development, data analysis, report preparation (per hour) $100 $150

Microscopy

We prepare specimens and carry out both optical microscopy and electron microscopy.

Overview

Our microscopy laboratory has a suite of routine and advanced light microscopes and electron microscopes that enable users to conduct innovative research. We also offer geological sample preparation, and nanoscale imaging including ion beam microscopy.

Equipment

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for optical microscopy, electron microscopy and specimen preparation.

Optical microscopy

Our optical microscopy instruments include stereo, petrographic, metallographic, biological and confocal microscopes. The laboratory can carry out light microscopy, scanning probe microscopy and thin film characterisation.

Light microscopy
Instrument Capabilities and features
Leica M125 Zoom Stereo Microscope Image stack collection and extended focus reconstruction. LED ring, gooseneck lights and motorised Z-stage.
Nikon Eclipse LV100ND Petrograhic Microscope Polarised light optics and rotating stage.
Nikon Eclipse 50iPol Petrographic Microscope Basic polarising microscope.
Leica DMi8A Inverted Microscope Inverted materials microscope for metallography in brightfield and polarised light including scanning stage and manual focus drive.
Zeiss Axio Imager M2m Used in correlative microscopy to transfer to the Zeiss Sigma Scanning Electron Microscope ('Shuttle & Find'). High grade optics with digital encoding, LED illumination, motorised stage including tiling and extended focus. Circular differential interference contrast (C-DIC), darkfield, and polarised light.
Nikon A1R Confocal Microscope High speed confocal imaging. Resonant scanner. 405, 488 561 and 640 nm lasers.
Nikon Eclipse Ti Inverted Microscope Imaging of fluorescently labelled samples. Motorised stage.
Leica DM6000 Petrographic Microscope Motorised z-focus, nosepiece turret and stage. Polarised, transmitted and reflected light.

Electron microscopy

Our electron microscopy instruments include an electron probe microanalyser (FE-EPMA), focused ion beam (FIB) microscopes, scanning electron microscopes (SEMs) and transmission electron microscopes (TEMs).

Capabilities

We can:

  • embed, section, and stain fixed biological tissues or samples (SEM, TEM)
  • mount and polish materials (eg. minerals, glasses, metal alloys) in thin section, epoxy resin or conductive resin (SEM, TEM, EPMA)
  • perform microstructural and compositional analysis (TEM, SEM) (eg. electron diffraction, EDX on SEM and TEM)
  • produce high resolution TEM images (lattice structure information)
  • undertake topography and Z-contrast imaging
  • perform nanostructuring (FIB) and HRTEM lamella preparation, targeted cross-sectioning, tomography, including running simulations (SRIM, FIB/SEM)
  • perform electron back-scattered diffraction (EBSD) to investigate structure and orientation of polished crystalline materials
  • use wavelength dispersive x-ray spectroscopy to generate high precision standards-based quantitative elemental analysis of solid materials (EPMA)
  • integrate panchromatic and hyperspectral cathodoluminescence imaging (UV- vis-near IR) into EPMA
  • carry out liberated mineral analysis (LMA)
  • carry out electron beam lithography for nanostructuring.
Electron probe microanalyser (EPMA)
Instrument Capabilities and features
JEOL JXA 8530F Hyperprobe

Field emission electron microprobe for high-precision, standards-based quantitative elemental analysis (Be to U) and x-ray mapping using Probe for EPMA and Probe Image software.

Electron gun operates up to 30 kV and several mA beam current, with detection limits routinely ≤100 ppm and reaching <10 ppm.

Twelve analyzing crystals are distributed among five wavelength dispersive spectrometers (WDS) including a large crystal "L" type and two high count rate "H" types.

Detector array features two sealed Xe and three gas-flow proportional counters.

Additional capabilities for imaging and qualitative analysis include a Thermo Noran System 7 EDS system, JEOL panchromatic cathodoluminescence (CL) detector, and both standard and high-resolution xCLent spectroscopic CL detectors. Anti-contamination cold finger is available.

Scanning electron microscopes (SEMs)
Instrument Capabilities and features
JEOL JSA 6360A Scanning Electron Microscope High vacuum imaging, X-ray microanalysis (JEOL EX-54175JMH) fitted with a tungsten gun.
Zeiss Sigma VP Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope Zeiss Gemini column gives excellent imaging performance across the beam energy range for imaging delicate structures and surface features. Variable Pressure (VP) operation for insulating samples. Oxford XMax 50 Silicon Drift (SDD) EDS detector for rapid X-ray mapping and accurate analysis.
JEOL 7001F Scanning Electron Microscope A very stable instrument capable of delivering very high beam currents in a small spot size for X-ray and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) analysis. Automated feature detection and analysis software. Field emission gun, Oxford XMax 80 X-ray detector, Inca gunshot residue (GSR), Oxford EBSD system.
TESCAN Mira3 Scanning Electron Microscope Stage biasing for low-voltage imaging of delicate structures and surface features. Variable Pressure (VP) mode for insulating samples available with a cold stage. Fitted with a 60 mm² Thermo Ultra Dry EDS Detector. The microscope has an Electron Beam Lithography package for nanostructuring.
TESCAN Tima Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope An automated mineral analysis system that fully integrates backscattered electron (BSE) and cathodoluminscence (CL) imaging with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectrometry for fast quantitative analysis of rock samples and natural resource materials such as ores, tailings and smelter products.
Phenom XL G2 Desktop Scanning Electron Microscope Contains a large sample holder with motorised stage navigation, low/medium/high vacuum modes, light optical and electron optical (BSE and SE) modes. The Phenom includes an EDS detector with integrated software. The resolution of this microscope is excellent due to the thermionic (CeB6) source (<10 nm).
Hitachi Analytical TableTop Microscope TM3000 Back-scattered imaging at 5 or 15 kV beam energy. Charge reduction mode for insulating samples. Tilt/rotate holder, EDS detector and cooled stage for imaging hydrated samples.
Transmission electron microscopes (TEMs)
Instrument Capabilities and features
JEOL 2100 200 kV Transmission Electron Microscope High-resolution imaging capabilities for a range of materials and nanotechnology applications. High-sensitivity silicon drift X-ray detector (Oxford XMax) for compositional analysis. Ultra-high-resolution pole piece, Gatan Orius SC1000 CCD camera, LaB6 gun.
JEOL 1400 120 kV Transmission Electron Microscope High-contrast optics, optimised for imaging of biological samples, and high tilt range for acquisition of tomographic datasets. TVIPS F416 CCD camera, tomography holder, cryo holder, tungsten gun.
Sample preparation
Instrument Capabilities and features
Gatan Cryoplunge 3 Cryofixation of biological samples for transmission electron microscopy.
Pelco Biowave Pro Microwave Tissue Processor Microwave accelerated processing of tissue samples for scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.
Leica EM UC6 Ultramicrotome Sample preparation of embedded biological samples for transmission electron microscope characterisation.
Leica EM UC7 Ultramicrotome Sample preparation of embedded biological samples for transmission electron microscope characterisation.
Leica EM TXP Target preparation device for milling, sawing, grinding and polishing samples.
Gatan Model 691 Precision Ion Polishing System (PIPS) Precise ion milling of samples for transmission electron microscopy.
Gatan Model 682 Precision Etching and Coating Systems (PECS) Ion milling of light microscope and scanning electron microscope samples up to 25 mm diameter mounted blocks. High quality sputtered coatings of chromium and carbon.
Leica EM-SCD005 Sputter Coater Gold sputter coating.
Leica EM ACE600 High Vacuum Coaters Two ACE600 coaters - one for platinum sputter coating and another with dual heads for carbon thread coating or iridium sputter coating.
Safematic CCU-010 HV High Vacuum coater Carbon thread coating.
Tousimis Autosamdri-815 Critical Point Drier (CPD) Automated CPD for dehydration of samples for electron microscopy.
Evactron 25 Decontaminator with Softclean Chamber Gentle removal of hydrocarbon contamination from samples and components by oxygen free-radical stream.
E.A. Fischione Model 2000 Specimen Preparation System Precision grinding of samples for transmission electron microscopy.
E.A. Fischione Model 330 Ultrasonic Disk Cutter Cutting undamaged 3mm disk samples for transmission electron microscopy.
Fischione Model 110Twin Jet Electropolisher Thinning 3mm metal samples for transmission electron microscope (TEM) imaging.

Using our services and equipment

Our microscopy equipment is available to staff, students, external researchers and commercial organisations at a competitive price.The laboratory provides both self-service and full-service options, with comprehensive instrument training available for internal and external academic researchers as well as commercial clients. Our experienced staff can provide advice and guidance on the experimental procedures and design and the analysis of results in order to achieve optimal outcomes.

Indicative pricing

Prices are indicative and vary depending on whether work is for external researchers or commercial organisations, and who carries out the work. We will provide a costing proposal for your approval before any work starts.

Indicative 2021 pricing for external researchers
Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistanceUnassisted
SEM microscopy (per hour)
JEOL 7001F $160 $70
VP Zeiss Sigma $160 $70
TESCAN Mira 3 $160 $70
TESCAN Tima $160 $70
Phenom XL G2 $160 $70
Electron probe microanalysis (per hour)
JEOL 8530F $160 $70
TEM microscopy (per hour)
JEOL 1400 $160 $70
JEOL 2100 $160 $70
Ion microscopy (per hour)
Helium Ion Microscopy $200 $100
Xe Plasma FIB $200 $100
Interpretation and reporting $100 N/A
Other microscopy (per hour)
Light microscopes $130 $45
Nikon A1R Confocal $160 $70
Other services (per hour)
Microscopy preparation $95 N/A
Indicative 2021 pricing for commercial organisations
Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistanceUnassisted
SEM microscopy (per hour)
JEOL 7001F $400 $275
VP Zeiss Sigma $400 $275
TESCAN Mira 3 $400 $275
TESCAN Tima $400 $275
Phenom XL G2 $400 $275
Electron probe microanalysis (per hour)
JEOL 8530F $400 N/A
TEM microscopy (per hour)
JEOL 1400 $400 N/A
JEOL 2100 $400 N/A
Ion microscopy (per hour)
Helium Ion Microscopy $550 N/A
Xe Plasma FIB $550 N/A
Interpretation and reporting $200 -N/A
Other microscopy (per hour)
Light microscopes $220 $100
Nikon A1R Confocal $285 $170
Other services (per hour)
Microscopy preparation $125 N/A
Materials preparation $125 N/A
Consulting and report writing $250 N/A

Molecular mass spectrometry

We offer state-of-the-art spectrometry platforms that allow for qualitative, quantitative and structural analysis.

Overview

Our laboratory houses cutting-edge mass spectrometry instrumentation interfaced with liquid chromatography and gas chromatography capabilities. This equipment enables selective identification and reproducible quantification of trace-level molecules in complex samples.

Equipment

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for:

  • liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS)
  • gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
  • sample preparation.

Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS)

Instrument Capabilities and features
Shimadzu Triple Quadrupole 8050 LC-MS/MS platform High-sensitivity and ultra-fast polarity switching platform with ESI and APCI ionisation capabilities.
Chromatography: Nexera UPLC.
Application: Targeted quantitation of trace-level compounds (eg. nucleotides, pharmaceuticals, metabolites and lipids).
SCIEX Triple Quadrupole Trap 6500 LC-MS/MS platform High-sensitivity platform with differential ion mobility (DMS) and ozonolysis (OzID) capabilities for enhanced separation/structural elucidation of isobars and epimers.
Chromatography: Prominence HPLC.
Application: Shotgun lipidomics.
Thermo LTQ Orbitrap Elite High-resolution MS/MS platform equipped with an automated nanospray robot. 
Chromatography: Dionex UPLC.
Application: Untargeted discovery of synthetic molecules and endogenous metabolites.
Thermo LTQ-XL Linear ion trap MS/MS platform with photodissociation capabilities.
Chromatography: Dionex UPLC.
Application: Low resolution identification of synthetic molecules.
Waters Synapt G2-Si Ion-mobility enabled quadrupole time of flight platform, equipped with LC-ESI or Desorption Electrospray Ionisation (DESI) ion sources.
Chromatography: Waters Acquity i-Class UPLC.
Application: Mass spectrometry imaging via DESI.

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS)

Instrument Capabilities and features
Thermo Scientific Single Quadrupole ISQ GC-MS Equipped with Markes TD-100 thermal desorption unit.
Application: Volatile organic compound analysis..
Shimadzu Triple Quadrupole 8040 GC-MS/MS platform Equipped with autosampler for liquid injection, SPME and headspace sample introduction. Capable of MRM-based quantitation of trace-level compounds.
Application: Metabolite profiling with online derivatisation.

Sample preparation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Benchtop preparation Includes ultra-high purity solvents and chemicals, derivatisation reagents, shakers, incubators and temperature-controlled centrifuges.
Martin Christ Rotational vacuum concentrator Drying or concentrating samples with or without heating.
Eppendorf Thermomixer Programmable heating, cooling and mixing. Adapters for various tube and plate formats available.
Perkin Elmer JANUS G3 MDT Automated Workstation Liquid handling system for automated sample preparation.

Using our services and equipment

Our equipment and services are available to QUT staff and students, external researchers and commercial clients with both self-service (unassisted) and full-service (with technical assistance) options.

Due to the complex nature of most mass spectrometry experiments, please complete the Project Scope Form (PDF file, 466 KB) to allow us to assess the feasibility of the analysis, timeframes and costs for your project. Please email the completed form and we will contact you shortly.

All prices are ex GST.

Indicative 2020 pricing

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
Service description External researchers Commercial organisations
Analysis using established methods
Data acquisition, analysis and report $250 first sample
$75 each additional sample
$620 first sample
$180 each additional sample
Sample preparation $400 first sample
$25 each additional sample
$1,000 first sample
$65 each additional sample
Analysis requiring method development
Pilot acquisition, analysis and report from $5,000 from $12,500
Sample preparation (pilot investigation) from $2,000 from $4,500
Method validation by agreement by agreement

Terms and conditions

  • Testing Services agreement is required.
  • Pricing above applies to assisted use only.
  • Method validation against client requirements.
  • Additional costs might include chromatography columns, analytical standards and other specialist consumables.

Annual 2020 subscription fee

Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
Service description External researchers Commercial organisations
Access and training $6,150 $15,375

Terms and conditions

  • The training fee is for unassisted use, and does not cover assistance in sample preparation, method development and data interpretation. A separate arrangement must be made for these services.
  • Requires CARF induction and Work in CARF agreement.
  • Fee covers access to the mass spectrometry laboratory for a single user and up to 300 hours of instrument time which are to be used within 12 months from completing CARF induction.
  • Includes 2 days of instrument training and ongoing consultation with CARF team during the subscription period.
  • Subscriptions are paid up front and unused hours will not be transferred to another user, beyond the specified period, or reimbursed.
  • User is responsible for booking the instrument, acquiring, processing and interpreting data and purchasing consumables relevant to the project, i.e. autosampler vials, chromatography columns and analytical standards.

Surface analysis

We use nanoscale imaging tools including scanning probe microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron microscopy (EM).

Overview

Our laboratory houses the only helium ion microscope (HIM) and ultra-high vacuum scanning probe microscope (UHV-SPM) in Queensland. Our helium ion microscope allows researchers to visualise the outer layers of almost any solid material. Turning up the beam current allows the etching of nanoscale patterns and structures.

Details

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for surface analysis and scanning probe microscopy.

Surface analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
Kratos Axis Supra XPS system for automated analysis of sample surfaces, revealing elemental composition and oxidation states. The system features a monochromated Al Kα X-ray source and a helium lamp for UPS measurements on conduction bands. Samples may be sputter cleaned and depth profiled with the argon gas cluster ion source. The system also features sample heat and cool plus sensitive sample (glove box) sample transfer module.
Iontof M6 Latest-generation ToF-SIMS instrument for high-sensitivity elemental and molecular mapping of sample surfaces. Bismuth analytical sources and argon gas cluster ion source for depth profiling of organic and other delicate samples.

Scanning probe microscopy

Instrument Capabilities and features
Omicron Multiscan Lab Ultra-high Vacuum Variable Temperature Scanning Probe Microscope (UHV VT-STM) An ultra-high vacuum system supporting a wide range of surface science and nanotechnology applications. AFM and STM measurements at temperatures from 25 to 600 Kelvin, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), k-cell and e-beam evaporators, argon sputtering, sample preparation and growth at temperatures up to 1000°C.
Bruker Icon Dimension Multimodal AFM with ScanAsyst technology to automatically tune scan parameters in peak-force tapping mode. Quantitative mechanical property mapping (Peak-force QNM), and Kelvin Probe scanning.
Bruker Dektak Stylus profilometer for simple 1-D and 2-D measurements of sample flatness, roughness and surface feature dimensions.

Other techniques

Instrument Capabilities and features
JA Woollam M2000UI Ellipsometer

Spectroscopic ellipsometer for determination of thin film thickness in the micron to nanometer range. Can also be used to determine the film’s optical parameters.

QSense Quartz Crystal Microbalance Quartz crystal microbalance system for adsorption and film property measurements from solution. Can be coupled to the ellipsometer for in-situ monitoring of optical properties.
Biolin Theta Flex Optical Tensiometer High precision measurement system for determining fluid contact angles and surface free energy. Cradle system allows measurement from 0-95 degrees tilt.

Services and equipment hire

Our equipment is available to staff, students, external researchers and commercial organisations at a competitive price. Our laboratory provides both self-service and full-service options.We provide sample preparation and support to suit your individual preference and budget.

Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

2021 pricing for external researchers

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance (per hour) Unassisted (per hour)
Atomic force microscopy (per hour) $200 $100
XPS and UPS $200 $100
ToF-SIMS $200 $100
Surface profilometry $180 $80
Drop shape analysis $180 $80
$80Ellipsometry $180 $80
Quartz crystal microbalance $180 $80
Interpretation and reporting $100 -

2021 pricing for commercial organisations

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance (per hour)
Atomic force microscopy (per hour) $400
XPS and UPS $550
ToF-SIMS $550
Surface profilometry $400
Drop shape analysis $400
$80Ellipsometry $400
Quartz crystal microbalance $400
Interpretation and reporting $200

Physical and mechanical properties

We analyse the physical and mechanical properties of any item, including size, porosity, surface area and thermal qualities.

Overview

Our laboratory analyses the physical and mechanical properties of any item. The lab allows researchers to characterise a material's:

  • electromagnetic properties
  • mechanical properties, including hardness and tensile strength
  • surface area, porosity and particle size
  • thermal properties (measuring changes up to 1600°C)
  • electrochemical properties.

Equipment

Our state-of-the-art equipment allows for:

  • electromagnetic characterisation
  • mechanical properties characterisation
  • surface area, porosity and particle analysis
  • thermal analysis
  • sample preparation.

Electromagnetic characterisation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Cryogenic Limited Mini High Field Measurement System Vibrating sample magnetometer, resistivity and Hall Effect, thermal transport measurements, specific heat measurements, 5 Tesla magnet.

Electrochemistry

Instrument Capabilities and features
Biologic M370 Electrochemical characterisation, surface profiling, work function.

Electrochemistry

Instrument Capabilities and features
TPS pH, conductivity and dissolved oxygen meter and ion probes pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and specific ion measurement for aqueous samples.
Mettler Toledo T50 Titrator-Rondolino Automated titration with nine-place sample changer for alkalinity, acid base titration, etc.

Mechanical properties characterisation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Hysitron TI 950 TriboIndentor Nanochemical characterisation and testing instrument, with dual-head testing capability for nano/micro scale connectivity.
Anton Paar MCR302 Rheometer Flow properties of low to high visuosity materials in Temp range between 30°C to 200°C.
Matsuzawa MXT70 Micro Vickers Hardness Tester Hardness tests using a low load from 10 to 1000g and a precisely shaped diamond indenter giving an indentation depth of less than 19µm.
Tytron 250 Microforce Testing System (MTS) Low-load tensile test machine rated up to 250 N. Capable of standard and fatigue testing and three-point flexural testing.

Surface area, porosity and particle analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
Malvern Mastersizer 3000 Particle size measurements for suspended particles 2mm to 0.01 micron.
Malvern Zetasizer Nano ZS Particle size and zeta potential for suspended particles <500 nm.
Micromeritics 3-Flex Surface and Porosity Analyzer Surface area (BET), pore size distribution (<800 angstroms) of solid materials using gas absorption/desorption. Nitrogen, argon carbon dioxide. Best for micropores.
Micromeritics ASAP 2020 Surface Area and Porosity Analyzer Surface area (BET), pore size distribution (<800 angstroms) of solid materials using gas absorption/desorption. Nitrogen, argon carbon dioxide. Best for micropores. Chemisorption using hydrogen and oxygen also available.
Micromeritics Tristar II 3020 Surface Area and Porosity Analyzer Surface area (BET), pore size distribution (<800 angstroms) of solid materials using nitrogen or argon. Three measurement ports.
Quantachrome Pentapyc 5200 He Pycnometer True solid density with helium gas entering connected pores as  small as 0.2 nm.

Thermal analysis

Instrument Capabilities and features
Netzsch 402C Dilatometer A vacuum-tight pushrod dilatometer for determining thermal length expansion in solids and powders up to 2000°C.
Netzsch STA 449F3 Jupiter Simultaneous Thermal Analyser Simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Measurement of mass changes and thermal effects between 25°C and 1650°C.
Netzsch LFA 467 Hyperflash Thermal diffusivity and conductivity, and specific heat capacity measurements in the temperature range of room temperature to 500°C.
Netzsch HFM 436 Lambda Heatflow meter For thermal conductivity measurements on insultaing materials. Temperature range 30°C to 50°C.

Thin film characterisation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Bruker Dektak XT-A Stylus Profiler An automated stylus profilometer capable of 0.5nm repeatability. Fitted with a 2 micron radius diamond stylus and a 50mm ceramic vacuum chuck. Software allows 3D mapping, 2D stress analysis and stitching of scans up to 150mm.
JA Woollam M2000 UI Spectroscopic Ellipsometer Measures film thickness in single- and multi-layer systems, as well as refractive index and dielectric properties. Duel quartz-halogen and deuterium lamps allow spectral measurements from 245nm to 1690nm. Focusing optics for small spot analysis.

Sample preparation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Micromeritics Smart Vac Prep Sample preparation for surface area/porosity analysis.
Micromeritics VacPrep 061 Degasser Sample preparation for surface area and porosity analysis through gas absorption/desorption, with vacuum mode that prepares samples by heating and evacuation.
Sample splitters Riffle splitter for representative dry sample preparation. Funnel splitter for representative sampling from samples in aqueous suspension.
Sieves 1.5 mm and 2.4 mm sieves for preparation of samples for Mastersizer.
Tube furnace 25mm diameter tube furnace, capable of 1200°C, controlled atmosphere.

Using our services and equipment

Our equipment is available to staff, students, external researchers and commercial organisations at a competitive price. Our laboratory provides both self-service and full-service options.

Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

Indicative pricing

Prices are indicative and vary depending on whether work is for external researchers or commercial organisations, and who carries out the work. We will provide a costing proposal for your approval before any work starts.

2019 indicative pricing for external researchers (per hour)

CARF technician assistance for the equipment incurs an additional $80 per hour for external researchers, which is indicated in the costs below. External researchers wishing to operate the instruments unassisted must attend initial training which will incur training costs.

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance (per hour) Unassisted (per hour) Minimum booking period (hours) Training cost¹
Hysitron TL950 Nanoindentor $185 $105 4 $3,360
Kratos Axis Supra Photoelectron Spectrometer $185 $105 2 $2,520
Zeiss Orion NanoFab ion microscope $185 N/A²  2 N/A²
Netzsch Jupiter Simultaneous Thermal Analysis $165 $85 4

Price on request (sample dependent)³

Anton Paar M302 Rheometer $165 $85 1 $680
ASAP 2020 BET $165 $85 4 $1,025
Tristar II 3020 BET $165 $85 4 $1,025
Netzsch LFA 467 Hyperflash $165 $85 4 $680
Netzsch DIL 402C dilatometer $165 $85 4 $340
Malvern Mastersizer $125 $45 1 $790
Malvern ZetaSizer (sizing) $125 $45 1 $525
Malvern ZetaSizer (zeta potential) $125 $45 1 $790
Vickers Microhardness Tester $125 $45 1 $265
Quantachrome He pycnometer $125 $45 4 $790
Netzsch HFM $125 N/A 4 4 N/A 4


Table footnotes:

  1. Price total for training include CARF technician assistance and instrument time.
  2. Instrument unavailable for independent operation by external users.
  3. Pricing depends on the properties of the sample.
  4. Instrument unavailable for independent operation by external users.
2019 indicative pricing for external researchers (per sample)

CARF technicians always operate the instruments for pricing per sample. Independent operation by external users is unavailable.

Equipment, service or analysis Price (per sample)
Netzsch Jupiter Simultaneous Thermal Analysis < 1000 C $265
Netzsch Jupiter Simultaneous Thermal Analysis > 1000 C $370
Malvern Mastersizer (incl SEM image, minimum 4 samples) $75
Malvern Mastersizer (no SEM image, minimum 4 samples) $40
Malvern Zetasizer (sizing, incl SEM image, minimum 4 samples) $75
Malvern ZetaSizer (sizing, no SEM image, minimum 4 samples) $40
Malvern Zetasizer (Zeta potential, minimum 4 samples) $75
2020 indicative pricing for commercial organisations

CARF technician assistance for the equipment incurs an additional $155 per hour for commercial organisations, which is indicated in the costs below. Organisations wishing to operate the instruments unassisted must attend initial training which will incur training costs.

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistanceUnassisted
Particle size distribution (laser diffraction) - no SEM image $85 per sample N/A
Particle size distribution (laser diffraction) - including SEM image (meets ISO 13320:2009E) $180 per sample N/A
Particle size distribution (nano particles) - no SEM image $85 N/A
Particle size distribution (nano particles) - including SEM image (meets ISO 13320:2009E) $180 N/A
Zeta potential (nano particles) $130 N/A
Density determination using He pycnometry (min 4 hours) $260 per hour N/A
Specific surface area and porosity (batch of 3 samples) $920 N/A
Particle analysis instrument hire
Malvern Mastersizer (laser diffraction) $265 per hour $105 per hour
Malvern Zetasizer (DLS) $265 per hour $105 per hour
Quantachrome He Pyncnometer $265 per hour $105 per hour

Proteomics

We provide next-generation proteomics underpinned by data-independent acquisition (DIA) mass spectrometry and advanced computational approaches.

Overview

We use robotic sample preparation and SWATH-enabled mass spectrometry for rapid and simultaneous determination of the status of thousands of proteins in the sample to understand the molecular processes that are fundamental to life and wellbeing.

Details

Mass spectrometry

Our state-of-the-art liquid chromatography mass spectrometry platforms are located in our newly opened laboratory space (GP-P636).

Instrument Capabilities and features
SCIEX TripleTOF 5600+ LC-MS/MS Mass Spectrometer Coupled to Eksigent micro flow HPLC, this hybrid quadrupole Time-of-Flight (QqTOF) mass spectrometer is a high-sensitivity, high-resolution and high mass accuracy discovery and quantitation platform. Application to label free-quantitative proteomics using variable windows SWATH.
SCIEX TripleTOF 6600 LC-MS/MS Mass Spectrometer Coupled to Eksigent micro flow HPLC, this hybrid quadrupole Time-of-Flight (QqTOF) mass spectrometer is the newest generation of SWATH-enabled platform for applications that require extra sensitivity and extended mass range.
SHIMADZU Triple Quadrupole 8050 LC-MS/MS Mass Spectrometer Coupled to Nexera ultra-high-performance liquid chromatograph (UPLC), this triple quadrupole (QqQ) mass spectrometer is a high-sensitivity verification platform for targeted quantitation of peptides using MRM approach.
SCIEX Triple Quadrupole Trap 6500 LC-MS/MS Mass Spectrometer Coupled to Prominence high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC), this triple quadrupole (QqQ) mass spectrometer is a high-sensitivity verification platform for targeted quantitation of peptides using MRM approach.

Sample preparation

Bench top equipment and chemicals required for protein extraction, digestion, desalting and fractionation are located in GP-R413.

Instrument Capabilities and features
TissueLyser II Simultaneous disruption of up to 48 biological samples through high-speed shaking in plastic tubes with stainless steel, tungsten carbide or glass beads.
NanoDrop2000 Determination of concentration of protein samples using BCA assay. Compatible with sub microliter amount of sample.
Rotational vacuum concentrator Drying or concentrating samples with or without heating.
ThermoMixer Programmable heating, cooling and mixing. Adapters for various tube and plate formats available.
SDS-PAGE equipment Selection of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) equipment for fractionation of proteins. Compatible with self-cast and pre-cast gels from various suppliers.
3100 OFFGEL fractionator pI-based fractionation of proteins and peptides with liquid-phase recovery

Bioinformatics

QUT hosts a range of software tools for processing spectral library and SWATH data.

Instrument Capabilities and features
Commercial suite Mascot, ProteinPilot, PeakView with SWATH microapp, MarkerView
Open source tools TPP (X!Tandem, SEAQUEST, Comet), Skyline, DIA-NN, MSstats

Using our services and equipment

Our equipment is available to staff, students, external researchers and commercial organisations at a competitive price. Our laboratory provides both self-service and full-service options.Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

2020 indicative pricing for external researchers (all prices exclude GST)

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance1 Unassisted2
50-200 samples (maximum 300 hours)
Sample preparation $9,300 per batch $3,000 per kit
Mass spectrometry $6,300 per year
Bioinformatics (DDA and SWATH) Report for DDA included
Report for SWATH negotiable
Access included
10-50 samples (maximum 75 hours)
Sample preparation $4,650 per batch $1,500 per kit
Mass spectrometry $3,150 per year
Bioinformatics (DDA and SWATH) Report for DDA included
Report for SWATH negotiable
Access included
1-10 samples (maximum 15 hours)
Sample preparation $1,400 per batch N/A
Mass spectrometry $140 per sample

2020 indicative pricing for commercial organisations (all prices exclude GST)

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance1 Unassisted2
50-200 samples (maximum 300 hours)
Sample preparation $12,450 per batch $3,000 per kit
Mass spectrometry $9,450 per year
Bioinformatics (DDA and SWATH) Report for DDA included
Report for SWATH negotiable
Access included
10-50 samples (maximum 75 hours)
Sample preparation $6,225 per batch $1,500 per kit
Mass spectrometry $4,725 per year
Bioinformatics (DDA and SWATH) Report for DDA included
Report for SWATH negotiable
Access included
1-10 samples (maximum 15 hours)
Sample preparation $3,200 per batch N/A
Mass spectrometry $320 per sample

Terms and conditions

1 With technician assistance (automation service):

  • covers submitting undigested samples as a single batch up to a specified number of samples or hours (whichever is reached first)
  • includes protein extraction, digestion (FASP), desalting (StageTip) and mass spectrometry data acquisition by CARF staff
  • CARF induction not required
  • access to the laboratory and to software tools not provided
  • SWATH (quantitative) batches include one DDA run of PBQC (pooled) sample
  • DDA (qualitative) batches will be searched against sequences supplied by the client
  • method development (ie. non typical prep, targeted acquisition) and quantitative report negotiable
  • approximate turnaround time is 4-6 weeks.

2 Unassisted (instrument and cloud subscription):

  • covers submitting digested and desalted samples in multiple batches up to a specified number of samples or hours (whichever is reached first) over the period of 12 months
  • includes mass spectrometry data acquisition by CARF staff
  • user to prepare samples and analyse data (generic protocols provided)
  • subject to completion of CARF induction
  • only one user obtains access to the laboratory
  • access expires after 12 months from submitting of the first batch
  • payment is non-refundable and non-transferable if at least one batch has already been submitted
  • includes free unlimited runs of QC-BSA and assistance with BSA data processing
  • training (ie. in sample prep, data analysis) negotiable
  • approximate turnaround time is 2-3 weeks.

Sample preparation kit:

  • available in combination with one of the unassisted service options
  • covers access to benchtop equipment and all consumables required for protein extraction, digestion (FASP), and desalting (StageTip) for 12 months
  • subject to completion of additional laboratory induction
  • access expires 12 months after submitting the first batch.

Sample preparation

We have specialist expertise in geological sample preparation and analysis, and equipment for rock cutting and crushing, core logging, thin sections and soil analysis.

Overview

Our geological rock preparation facility is based at the Banyo Pilot Plant and consists of a rock crushing and milling lab, and a geological thin section preparation lab run by specialist technicians.

Equipment

We have specialist equipment for preparing thin section samples and rock crushing.

Thin section sample preparation

Instrument Capabilities and features
Large cut-off machine with 300mm diamond blade Can section large rocks and intricate shaped rock samples
Grinding and lapping machine Accurate to 0.1 microns
Vacuum impregnation machine High-powered unit for porous samples
Grinding and polishing machine Can achieve a high quality polish suitable for Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) or microprobe
Diamond grinder and precision trim saw High throughput with minimal loss or defamation of the sample

Rock crushing

Instrument Capabilities and features
Jaw crusher Able to crush samples from 100mm to 5mm
Stand-alone crusher and BB51 tabletop crusher Able to crush sample from 40mm to 1mm
Swing mills with agate, tungsten carbide and steel milling heads High and low speed milling for X-ray diffraction or X-ray fluorescence
Sieve shakers Sizes from 4mm to 32 micron

Services and equipment hire

We assist students, researchers and commercial organisations to prepare geological rock samples for scientific analysis.Our services are provided on a fee-for-service basis. We will discuss your requirements and timeframes, and prepare a costed proposal for your approval before commencing any work.

Indicative pricing for external researchers

Equipment, service or analysis Cost (excluding GST)
Thin section 28 x 48mm ground and cover slipped $40 per sample
Thin section 26 x 76mm ground and cover slipped $40 per sample
Thin section 50 x 76mm ground and cover slipped $95 per sample
Thin section 28 x 48mm polished $55 per sample
Thin section 26 x 76mm polished $55 per sample
Thin section 50 x 76mm polished $150 per sample
Polished epoxy mounts 25mm diameter $80 per sample
Polished epoxy mounts 30mm diameter $90 per sample
Polished epoxy mounts 40mm diameter $100 per sample
Crushing $30 per 100g sample
Milling $30 per 100g sample
Screening $30 per 100g sample

2020 indicative pricing for commercial organisations

Equipment, service or analysis Cost (excluding GST)
Thin sections
Thin section 28 x 48mm ground and cover slipped $85 per sample
Thin section 26 x 76mm ground and cover slipped $85 per sample
Thin section 50 x 76mm ground and cover slipped $130 per sample
Thin section 28 x 48mm polished $120 per sample
Thin section 26 x 76mm polished $120 per sample
Thin section 50 x 76mm polished $200 per sample
Extra impregnation (thin sections) $30 per sample
Blue dye impregnation $30 per sample
Mounted samples
Polished mounted samples 25mm diameter $115 per sample
Polished mounted samples 30mm diameter $135 per sample
Polished mounted samples 40mm diameter $160 per sample
Cutting - core, slabs, rock into billets $40 per sample
General sample analysis
Dry preparation of water sensitive material $35 per sample
Slabs cut, ground and sealed with epoxy $55 per sample
Gravel, sand, particles or chips into thin sections $35 per sample
Sample drying (sample received wet or damp) $15 per 100g
Sample crushing (XRD) or pulverising (XRF) $60 per 100g
Sample splitting (sub-sampling, gross sample mass greater than 100g) $60 per 100g
Sample screening/sizing (client to specify size, if required) $60 per 100g
Batch courier charge (applies to all sample crushing/spliiting/screening) $45 per sample

Synchrotron science

We can help QUT researchers access the specialist capabilities of the Australian Synchrotron, which produces X-ray and infrared radiation used in diffraction, scattering, spectroscopy and imaging experiments.

Overview

The Australian Synchrotron has unique scientific analytic capabilities with applications in Earth and environmental sciences, advanced materials, chemistry and biology.

Equipment

Beamline capabilities


The Australian Synchrotron currently has several individual experimental stations, known as beamlines, each with specialist capabilities. Current beamlines include:

Powder diffraction Powerful X-ray diffraction used to study the crystallographic structure of material
Macromolecular crystallography Single crystal X-ray diffraction to determine chemical and biological structures and analyse proteins, viruses and nucleic acids
X-ray fluorescence microscopy Elemental mapping at the micron scale
X-ray absorption spectroscopy Oxidation state and atomic coordination environment analysis suitable for chemistry, biology and materials science
Small and wide angle X-ray scattering Offers shape and size distribution from the nano- to micro-scale
Soft X-ray spectroscopy Provides surface-sensitive oxidation state and molecular arrangements
Infrared microspectroscopy High-resolution infrared microscopy
THz/Far Infrared High-resolution infrared spectroscopy

Accessing the Synchrotron

QUT researchers are able to apply to access advanced instrumentation facilities including beamline capabilities at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) and Australian Synchrotron, based in south-east Melbourne. Access to the Australian Synchrotron is free of charge for users through a peer-reviewed competitive merit system. In addition, the Australian Synchrotron provides successful proposals with travel funding and accommodation for up to three researchers.

For more information and assistance with the merit access process, please contact Research Infrastructure Specialist (Synchrotron Science), Dr Michael Jones.

Vibrational spectroscopy

We can provide chemical information on a wide range of materials using our routine and advanced infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectrometers, microscopes and accessories.

Overview

We have a range of Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Raman microscopes, spectrometers and accessories, and can offer expert service and advice.

Equipment

There are two main methods used to measure molecular vibrations:

  • Infrared spectroscopy (IR or FT-IR) which involves the absorption of an infra-red photon
  • Raman spectroscopy which involves the inelastic scattering of higher energy photons.

Materials with strong IR spectra tend to give weak Raman spectra and vice versa. Thus some systems are more suited to study by one technique over the other, particularly when the different sampling requirements are taken into account.  Our expert staff can advise the most suitable method for your research.

Infrared spectroscopy

Instrument Capabilities and features
Nicolet iS50 FT-IR Spectrometer with Continuum IR microscope In built diamond ATR. Extensive searchable IR libraries. Continuum IR microscope with computerised X,Y,Z-stage. Chemical mapping to spatial resolution of 10 microns possible. Near-, Mid- and Far-IR capability, D-TGS and MCT detectors. Multiple accessories.
Nicolet iS50 FT-IR Spectrometer Emission accessory attached 100 – 1000°C.  In situ chemical reaction kinetics, mineral transformations.
Nicolet Nexus 870 Step-scan spectrometer. D-TGS and MCT detectors. Near-, Mid- and Far-IR capability.
Capabilities
  • IR Microscopy, confocal, high spatial resolution in transmission mode for thin films, reflectance mode for polished surfaces or coatings on reflective surfaces (gold silver, polished metal), and micro Ge-ATR mode for polished heterogeneous or small samples, down to 10 microns.  Diamond anvil cell for even smaller quantities.
  • Extensive searchable polymer library for polymer ID (>5700 spectra), common materials and forensics (>6500 spectra) and small molecules (>9000 spectra).
  • Kinetics - monitor reactions in real time.
  • IR accessories for every sampling requirement: diamond-ATR, Ge-ATR, grazing angle Ge-ATR, diffuse reflectance, specular reflectance; grazing angle specular reflectance
  • IR chemical mapping of surfaces and films to 10 mm resolution, by peak or functional group or spectral decomposition methods.
  • Emission IR.  Monitor reactions 100-1000°C, complement thermal measurement (DSC/TGA) by measuring the IR spectrum as a function of temperature to monitor the chemical transformations of the solid.
Raman spectroscopy
Instrument Capabilities and features
Witec Confocal Raman microscope 532 and 785 nm excitation.  Rapid chemical imaging to 0.3 µm spatial resolution.  Confocal (depth) to better than 3 µm.  High precision piezo XYZ mapping stage 200x200x20 µm.
Renishaw inVia Raman microscope 532 and 785 nm excitation.  High S/N ratio spectra. Spatial resolution <1 µm. Confocal to 5 µm. Chemical Mapping stage.
Renishaw System 1000 Raman microscope 633nm excitation.  Hot cold stage – liq N2 temp – 600°C
Bruker FT-Raman spectrometer 1064nm excitation.  Low resolution XY view stage.
Capabilities
  • Raman spectroscopy with a range of excitations (532, 633, 785 and 1064 µm) and an emphasis on microscopy for small or heterogeneous samples.
  • Raman imaging (chemical mapping) of surfaces and films to <-0.5 µm spatial resolution, by peak or functional group or spectral decomposition methods.
  • Mineral analysis, polymer curing, characterisation of 2D and 3D carbon (eg. graphene, diamond like films), semiconductor characterisation, inter and intramolecular interactions, and biomaterials.

Using our services and equipment

Our equipment is available to staff, students and external clients at a competitive price with both self-service and full-service options. Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

2021 indicative pricing for commercial organisations

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistanceUnassisted
ATR FTIR spectra (per sample) $160 N/A

X-ray analysis

Our X-ray analysis laboratory provides X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and sample preparation.

Overview

We analyse synthetic materials (for example, chemicals, steel, cement, metal alloys, polymers, nanomaterials) and natural materials (for example, soils, rocks, minerals). We support QUT research, collaborate with external researchers, and provide analytical consultancy to commercial organisations.

Equipment

X-ray diffraction (XRD)

X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a technique that uses the unique diffraction pattern 'fingerprint' from any solid crystalline material for qualitative identification and quantitative abundance determination of phases in mixtures of synthetic or natural materials. Using an internal or external standard with a phase mixture allows the quantification of the amorphous (non-diffracting) content present in the mixture.

XRD can also be used to characterise crystalline materials in other ways (for example, crystallite size, texture, microstrain, residual stress analysis, characterisation of thin films). Instrument hardware allows the characterisation of materials under:

  • ambient room temperature and pressure
  • non-ambient conditions (cooling and heating from -193°C to 1200°C)
  • air, inert and reactive gases
  • vacuum.

Such hardware permits the dynamic characterisation of phase changes under varying experimental conditions.

Working detection limits are around 1wt% for powder XRD on phase mixtures. A range of X-ray sources and instrument hardware optics and configurations are used to optimise spectrum acquisition for a given analysis (for example, powder, thin film, single crystal) and phase type.

Typical XRD applications include qualitative and quantitative mineralogical characterisation of mine ores, mine site remediation and road construction materials, thin film phase analysis of nanomaterials and single crystal analysis of synthetic products.

Equipment
InstrumentRadiations Capabilities and features
Bruker D8 Advance Cr, Co Powder diffractometer with parallel beam/thin film capability. 90-position sample changer; Motorised Knife edge; PSD (Energy Resolution <330eV); Non-ambient Chamber; Chi-Phi-Z Cradle; Small area micro-diffraction; Texture; Residual Stress.
Rigaku SmartLab XRD Cu, Mo Powder diffractometer with parallel beam/thin film capability. 36-position sample changer; Mirrors for Divergent, Parallel, Focusing beams; 0D/1D/2D Pixel Area Detector; Capillary/foil Transmission; X-ray Reflectometry.
Rigaku SmartLab XRD Cu, Mo Powder diffractometer with parallel beam/thin film capability and small area micro-diffraction; Anton-Parr 1200⁰C oscillation stage with spinning capillary attachment; Reactor-X 1000⁰C flow gas stage; Oxford Cryostream system (down to 80K).
Rigaku Oxford Single Crystal XRD Gemini Cu, Mo Double-source (Cu, Mo) small molecule single crystal X-ray diffraction system.

X-ray fluorescence (XRF)

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is an established X-ray technique for the quantitative chemical characterisation of solids using the characteristic X-ray line emission/s of the element/s of interest in any given material. Unlike XRD, XRF can be used to characterise crystalline and non-crystalline solids. Liquids, including oils, can also be analysed using the XRF technique. The laboratory offers two complementary approaches to material characterisation by XRF:

  • Wavelength Dispersive-XRF (WD-XRF)
  • Energy Dispersive-XRF (ED-XRF).

Sample compositions can be measured using fused glass discs, pressed powder pellets or loose powders depending on specific requirements (qualitative or quantitative data, major, minor or trace level elemental abundances).

Routine suites of elements can be measured and quantified, including:

  • major and minor elements: Si, Ti, Al, Fe(III), Mn, Mg, Na, Ca, K, P, S(VI), plus Cl, F, Ba, Sr, Zr, Hf, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb (to nominal working detection limits of <<100ppm)
  • 41 select trace elements from Sc to U (to nominal working detection limits of 15 to <1 ppm, element dependant).

Typical XRF applications include major and trace element analysis of rocks and soils, iron and sulphide ores, mine wastes and remediation materials, cement, pigments and other components in food packaging, trace element analysis of foodstuffs, analysis of precipitates from contaminated processing water, determination of elemental ratios in nanomaterials.

Equipment
Instrument Capabilities and features
PANalytical AXIOS Wavelength X-ray Fluorescence (WD-XRF) Spectrometer 1kW Rh tube, PX1, PE002, LiF200, LiF220 analysing crystals, collimators, tube filters, scintillation, duplex and gas flow detectors. Capable of analysing C to U. Routine LLD <100ppm most major elements, <1-2ppm most trace elements in rocks and soils. Automated unattended operation allowing quantitative major and trace element analysis on fused glass discs, pressed powder pellets, and qualitative elemental identification via wavelength scanning.
SPECTRO XEPOS Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (ED-XRF) Spectrometer Analysis of all elements from sodium to uranium, in a wide range of samples, such as soils, sewage sludge, additives in oil, cement, slag, and electronic components and parts. Solid pellet, loose powder, fused disk and liquids, depending on application.

Sample preparation

We have access to a wide range of sample preparation equipment, including fusion apparatus, and crushing, grinding and micronising equipment. Our qualified and experienced geo-analytical staff can also provide thin section preparation and petrologic investigation capabilities. Prior to sample preparation (for example, grinding or heating) and submission, please discuss XRD and/or XRF analysis and sample requirements with our expert laboratory staff.

Equipment
Instrument Capabilities and features
McCrone Micronising Mills Reduce particle size to < 5 µm.
Rocklabs Swing Mill Reduce particle size to < 75 µm.
Claisse Le Neo Fused discs preparation for XRF.
Claisse TheOX electronic fusion instrument Preparation of inorganic samples (fusion solutions and fused disks) for X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF and ED-XRF).
Rocklabs Swing Mills and plate crusher Rock preparation and crushing (located at Banyo Pilot Plant).
Drying ovens Drying of samples (40°C, 100°C).

Using our equipment and services

Our equipment is available to researchers and external clients at a competitive price with both full-service and self-service options. Our experienced staff can provide training, advice and guidance on the experimental process and the analysis of results, so that you achieve optimal outcomes.

Indicative 2021 pricing for external researchers

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance (excluding GST) Unassisted (excluding GST)
X-ray diffraction (XRD) equipment use
Bruker D8 Advance $145 per hour $80 per hour
Rigaku Smartlab Cu/Mo - Routine 382 $145 per hour $80 per hour
Rigaku Smartlab Cu/Mo - Research 383 $155 per hour $95 per hour
Oxford-Rigaku Gemini S Cu/Mo Ultra $160 per hour $95 per hour
X-ray fluorescence (XRF) services
Major elements (fused glass disc) $30 $25
Trace elements (pressed pellet) $50 $25  

Indicative 2021 pricing for commercial organisations

Equipment, service or analysis With technician assistance (including GST) Unassisted (including GST)
X-ray diffraction (XRD) services
Quantitative powder XRD $320 per sample N/A
Quantitative powder XRD with qualitative clays $395 per sample N/A
Stand alone qualitative clay analysis $135 per sample N/A
Optional additional clay treatments (client to specify treatment/s) $40 per treatment N/A
Quantitative fine fraction XRD analysis (suitable for bulk clays and bulk respirable silica) $445 per sample N/A
X-ray instrument hire rates
X-Ray Diffractometer - high throughput Co/Cu/Mo $310 per hour $190 per hour
X-Ray Diffractometer - Cu/Mo non-ambient $370 per hour $220 per hour
X-ray fluorescence bulk sample chemical analysis
Major elements - 21 elements reported as wt% oxides, includes LOI $50 per sample N/A
Trace elements - 40 elements reported as ppm (ug/g) $50 per sample N/A

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