Hydrogen production should be carefully regulated and consumers informed about emissions credentials if Australia is to achieve a sustainable energy economy and net zero emissions by 2050, QUT experts warn.
- A new material created by QUT scientists is very effective at removing particles smaller than 100 nanometres, which is in the range of a virus
- Material is easier to breathe through than high-quality face masks - important for people with existing respiratory issues
- Can be quickly made in large quantities using simple equipment, it is biodegradable and made from waste plant material
- Thoroughly tested and compared with high-quality commercially available
QUT process engineer Dr Thomas Rainey and his research team are stepping up work on a nanoparticle-removing new material they were developing for biodegradable anti-pollution masks.
“We have developed and tested a highly breathable nanocellulose material that can remove particles smaller than 100 nanometres, the size of viruses,” Dr Rainey said.
“I see many people wearing masks which are not tested for viruses. We have tested this material thoroughly and found it to be more efficient in its ability to remove virus-size nanoparticles than the high-quality commercially available masks we tested and compared it with.”
Dr Rainey said the team also tested the new material for breathability.
“By breathability we mean the pressure or effort the wearer has to use to breathe through the mask. The higher the breathability the greater the comfort and reduction in fatigue,” he said.
“This is an important factor for people who have to wear masks for long periods or those with existing respiratory conditions.
“Our tests showed the new material was more breathable than commercial face masks, including surgical masks.
“This new material has excellent breathability, and greater ability to remove the smallest particles.”
Dr Rainey said the material could be used as a disposable filter cartridge in face masks.
“This material would be relatively inexpensive to produce and would therefore be suitable for single-use.
“The cellulose nanofiber component is made from waste plant material such as sugar cane bagasse and other agricultural waste products and is, therefore, biodegradable. It can be made using relatively simple equipment, and so we can quickly produce large quantities of the material.”
“We have established proof of concept as a nanoparticulate filtration material and we are currently seeking industry partners.”
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QUT’s expertise in predictive analytics and using data to improve sport strategy and performance of athletes is the focus of a new 12-month research grant awarded by the Australian Institute of Sport.