Medical laboratory science

Have you ever had a blood sample collected, or biopsy taken and wondered where your samples go, who analyses them, and how your results are obtained? This is what medical laboratory scientists do.

Medical laboratory scientists work primarily in diagnostic pathology laboratories. They are a critical part of the healthcare team supporting doctors, nurses and other health professionals by performing analyses on patient specimens, to provide information that is critical in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of human disease. In fact, 70% of all clinical decisions are based on the results generated by a medical laboratory scientist, and 100% of cancers are diagnosed by pathology testing.

There are a number of different disciplines within medical laboratory science. These are biochemistry; haematology; microbiology, immunology; transfusion science; histology; cytology; and molecular pathology.

At QUT your studies will incorporate all these disciplines, giving you a broad understanding of the pathology industry, as well as providing you with increased career opportunities.

Career pathways

Medical laboratory scientists work in the pathology industry, generally in hospitals or in public or private laboratories, in allied heath (e.g. assisted fertility clinics), and in public health laboratories. Graduates can also go on to a career in research, or use their degree as a springboard for entry into medicine.

Possible careers

Some of the careers graduates go on to include:

  • Biochemist
  • Cytologist
  • Hospital scientist
  • Medical scientist
  • Microbiologist
  • Molecular diagnostics
  • Pathology scientist
  • Research scientist.


Our Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Science is accredited by the Australian Institute of Medical Scientists, and graduates will have completed the academic and work placement requirements for admission as a full member.

Depending on your employment, you will be eligible to apply for membership of various professional organisations including the Australasian Association of Clinical Biochemists, Australian Society of Microbiology, Australian Society of Cytology, Human Genetics Society of Australasia, Haematology Society of Australia and New Zealand, Australian and New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion, and Australian Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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