Adjunct Associate Professor
This person does not currently hold a position at QUT.
Research interests involve investigation of factors, which feature the links between physical activity and health, the promotion of wellness across the lifespan, the health effects of differential methods of accumulating physical activity and quality physical education programs for children and youth. Tom has a particular interest in investigating ways of monitoring physical activity in natural settings. These may include the use of techniques such as questionnaires and/or motion analysers, which range from simple pedometers to more complex techniques such as three-dimensional tools and doubly labelled water.
- Adolescent girls physical activity and growth patterns and skeletal health.
Research summary: This research is a three-year longitudinal study of these factors in a cohort of adolescent girls as they aged from either Year 8 or Year 10. Patterns of self reported physical activity, psychosocial indicators, growth and skeletal health as measured by DEXA were dependent variables in this study. Predictor variables of levels of physical activity engagement and links between psychosocial determinants, patterns of physical activity and skeletal health are currently being examined.
Publications: Several conference presentations have been made with regards to this project. These have been at an international and national level, including Sports Medicine Australia Sydney Conference, ACHPER Biennial Conference and the International Conference of Physical Activity and Sports Science in Hong Kong 2000.
- Short bursts versus continuous methods of accumulating physical activity in a community setting
Research Summary: This study examined the physiological health effects for adults of gaining the ACSM recommendation of an additional quantity of 30 minutes of almost daily moderate physical activity above the requirements of a normally sedentary lifestyle. Interesting results included the finding that accumulating equivolumes of 10-11 MET-hours of moderate physical activity either by continuous or "short bursts" resulted in small gains in cardio-vascular fitness (5% - 6%) after a training period of 8 weeks. This finding and other metabolic fitness benefits indicate that this area of investigation is rich for subsequent research and manipulation to determine which differential methods of physical activity result in greater program adherence and health benefits.
Publications: These findings were presented at the 6th International Congress of Behavioural Medicine and the abstracts may be found in the International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, Volume 7, Supplement 1, 2000. The actual references for the presentations are
- Taylor, L., Cuddihy, T & Macfarlane, D. (2000). A comparison of the health benefits of accumulated and continuous physical activity programs for sedentary adults. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, Volume 7, Supplement 1, p107.
- Taylor, L., Cuddihy, T & Macfarlane, D. (2000). Exercise adherence and self-efficacy differences in adults following completion of either an accumulated or continuous physical activity program. International Journal of Behavioural Medicine, Volume 7, Supplement 1, p201.
- Wellness: monitoring, intervention and outcomes
Reseach Summaries: This work includes the assessment of workplace health education interventions in a variety of contexts. Some of this work is conducted in association with the Queensland Teachers Union Health Society, who are the owners of one intervention package, the Healthtrac package. Healthtrac is a serialised health management program which provides people with information and guidelines on how to improve their health and well-being via personalised letters, self-care booklets, newsletters and a series of guidebooks. Two postgraduate students (one doctoral and another at Masters level) are currently working on extensive data sets in conjunction with Healthtrac.
Other activities under this banner include research into the effects of a specific University coursework unit on aspects of student quality of life, and how such coursework is associated with the capacity to change unwanted and unhealthy lifestyle behaviours.
- Institution Based Physical Activity Interventions
- Skeletal health, physical activity and adolescents (The Stuartholme Project)
- Fitness education within school physical education programs
- Development of intrinsic motivation towards physical activity
- Physical activity in early childhood and its relationship to physiological and biochemical markers of later cardiovascular health, and validation of physical activity questionnaires appropriate to young children.
Each of the areas above has been the subject of research activity by Tom Cuddihy and his postgraduate students. The Stuartholme Project is a longitudinal study supported by grants totalling $45,000 in of a cohort of adolescent girls throughout their 5 years of high school. In this study, the researchers have tracked changes in indicies of growth and development, physical activity patterns, skeletal health as measured by DEXA techniques and intrinsic motivation to be physically. The interest in topics 2 and 3 grew out of his experiences with students in the three levels of schooling where Dr. Cuddihy has taught. His developmental time at Arizona State University was instrumental in these interests. Professors Corbin and Pangrazi were initially mentors and are now collaborators on projects. Project 4 has been derived from his research interest in young children and new technology which can assist in very accurately measuring levels of physical activity. Principally to be used as a vehicle to evaluate patterns of physical activity and how they may be best influenced to the healthy benefit of the children.
Grants: This project has been funded by the University to the extent of $15,000.
- Physical activity (pa) monitoring and healthy weight
We have worked with researchers on an international project to evaluate the level of pa engaged in as determined by pedometers, by primary school children. The studies examined children (n = 2000) from Australia , Sweden and the USA . Additionally, we measured physical self worth and other subscales from the Child and Youth Physical Self Perception Profile (CY-PSPP) and recorded relationships with indices of healthy weight and level of pa. Other studies have focused on the amount of pa necessary to increase the likelihood of being in the healthy weight range, or the effects of age and gender.
Children and physical activity, Wellness and Health
Human Movement and Sports Science
Field of Research code, Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC), 2008
- Ph.d (Arizona State University)
- MHMS (University of Queensland)
- BEd (University of Queensland)
- DipT (Kelvin Grove C.A.E)
Professional memberships and associations
- Fitness, health and wellness
- HPE curriculum: primary and secondary
- Research methods.
- Wickel E, Eisenmann J, Pangrazi R, Graser S, Anders R, Tomson L, Cuddihy T, (2007) Do Children Take the Same Number of Steps Every Day?, American Journal of Human Biology, 19 (4) p537
- Tomson L, Cuddihy T, Davidson M, Pangrazi R, (2007) Physical Activity Behaviour in Children and the Measurement of Physical Activity. In N King, A Hills & N Byrne, Children, Obesity and Exercise: Prevention, Treatment and Management of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity, Routledge p113
- Cuddihy T, Michaud-Tomson L, Jones E, Johnston A, (2006) Exploring the Relationship Between Daily Steps, Body Mass Index and Physical Self-Esteem in Female Australian Adolescents, Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 4 (1) p25
- McFarlane D, Taylor L, Cuddihy T, (2006) Very Short Intermittent Vs Continuous Bouts of Activity in Sedentary Adults, Preventive Medicine, 43 (4) p332
- Cuddihy T, Pangrazi R, Michaud-Tomson L, (2005) Pedometers: Answers to FAQS From Teachers, Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 76 (2) p36
- Tudor-Locke C, Pangrazi R, Corbin C, Rutherford W, Vincent S, Raustorp A, Tomson L, Cuddihy T, (2004) BMI-Referenced Standards for Recommended Pedometer-Determined Steps/Day in Children, Preventive Medicine, 38 (6) p857
- Ng J, Cuddihy T, Fung L, (2003) Prediction of Leisure Exercise Behaviours: A Study on University Students of Hong Kong, Journal of Physical Education and Recreation (Hong Kong), 9 (1) p8
- Ng J, Cuddihy T, Fung L, (2003) Does a Required Physical Education Program Change Leisure Exercise Behaviours in Hong Kong University Students - The Role of the Environment Explored, Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 1 (2) p104
- Albrechtsen S, Cuddihy T, Cushman G, Cushman P, Epstein L, Fox K, (2003) A Position Statement on the Promotion of Health, Wellness and Leisure: Major Components of Quality of Life, Health Promotion, Wellness and Leisure: Major Components of Quality of Life p326
- Vincent S, Pangrazi R, Raustorp A, Tomson M, Cuddihy T, (2003) Activity Levels and Body Mass Index of Children in the US, Sweden and Australia, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35 (8) p1367
- Academic Honours, Prestigious Awards or Prizes
- Reference year
- Fellow of the Australian Council of Health, Physical Education and Recreation. (ACHPER)National Vice President of ACHPER from 1999 to 2006
Completed supervisions (Doctorate)
- Discourse on Primary School Education Curriculum in Papua New Guinea (2006)
- Effectiveness of a Health Promotion Interventions upon High Risk Lifestyle Behaviours of Adult Clients of a Health Benefits Organisations (2005)
- University Students' Leisure Exercise Behaviors - A Hong Kong Study (2005)
- The Culture of the Olympic Games from Australian Athletes' Perspectives (2003)