Everything you need to know as a first-time student.
Information and support for postgraduate study.
Courses, supervisors and your life as a researcher.
Step-by-step application guides for our courses.
Get financial support for your studies. Find a scholarship that's right for you.
Options like part-time, external and online study can help you tailor how you learn.
Boost your career or extend your skills with a short course.
Discover our campuses, courses and entry requirements.
Email: email@example.com Phone: +61 7 3138 2000 Mon-Fri, 8.30am-5pm
Our internationally recognised research is supported by state-of-the-art research infrastructure.
Considering research with us? Here's what to expect.
PhDs, research masters and professional doctorates.
Apply for scholarships for research study, or competitive grants as a professional researcher.
Our researchers work in supportive and established networks.
We value and promote integrity and ethical responsibility in all research we conduct.
Our strengths and areas of focus in research.
Browse our experts or find a supervisor.
We collaborate with industry partners to research solutions for real-world problems, and to give our students hands-on experience in the workplace.
Work with our students and graduates, sponsor scholarships, prizes or events, or become an industry partner.
We offer commercial research and consultancy services, research commercialisation, and workplace training and development.
We offer short courses to help you advance your career and expand your skills.
We're working with a range of industry partners and collaborators.
Boeing Australia have collaborated on projects with us and provided sponsorship, and their staff have taught in our avionics program.
We are a highly successful and globally positioned Australian university with an applied emphasis in courses and research.
Make a real impact by giving to QUT and supporting our students, researchers and community.
Our history, key statistics, sustainability initiatives and programs and Indigenous acknowledgement.
Meet our staff and executive team.
Our awards, accreditation details, research rankings and scholarly achievements.
Our plans for expanding our university's achievements in learning, teaching and research.
Policies, procedures and annual reports.
What's on at QUT.
Want to work with us? See available jobs.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: +61 7 3138 2000 Mon-Fri, 8.30am-5pm.
Find out more about our commitment to the AHRC's anti-racism initiative.
Our graduates run successful businesses, conduct ground-breaking research and make significant contributions to their communities.
We celebrate our alumni with annual awards for graduates and students.
Get involved with QUT by engaging with and supporting our current students.
Once you've graduated, we encourage you to keep in touch with the QUT community and your fellow alumni.
Email: email@example.com Phone: +61 7 3138 4778 Mon-Fri, 8.30am-5pm
Greg Creed won the 2014 QUT Alumnus of the Year Award for his achievements in business.
Step-by-step guide to applying as an international student.
We offer scholarships for international students to help with study and living costs.
You may be able to meet with a QUT staff member or official representative in your city.
Find out more about living and studying in Brisbane.
While you're studying here, you can access a range of support services to help you adjust to life in Brisbane.
Come to QUT for one or two semesters.
Freecall: 1800 181 848 (within Australia)
Phone: +61 3 9627 4853 (outside Australia)
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: +61 7 3138 2361
World-class education and research facilities sit alongside lifestyle, sporting and creative hubs at our campuses.
Our four libraries offer diverse collections, study spaces and free public services.
Our researchers work at specialised facilities in Brisbane and across Queensland.
Our cultural, entertainment and function venues are open to the public.
Hire one of our unique spaces for your next event.
Our Science and Engineering Centre is a place for students, researchers, academics and the public to learn and collaborate.
You are here:
Dr Mark Pennings
Australian Rules Football's earliest rivalry between 'toffee-nosed' Melbourne supporters and a 'democratic' Carlton club helped turn a middle-class gentlemen's game into an iconic sport, a new book shows.
Up to 30,000 Victorians flocked to watch the now Melbourne Demons and Carlton Blues play in Melbourne 140 years ago, with carrier pigeons and fights between players and brick-throwing fans part of the spectacle.
These are among colourful historical insights revealed in the first definitive account of Australian Rules Football's early history, written by Dr Mark Pennings from QUT's Creative Industries Faculty.
Released as the AFL finals series starts during the first week of September, Amateur Heroes and the Rise of Clubs: 1858-1896 documents the players, controversies, statistics and evolution of a game that is uniquely Australian.
"Aussie Rules has always been an important part of Melbourne's cultural life," Dr Pennings said.
"It was the contest between Melbourne and Carlton in the 1860s that really captured the imagination of the public.
"By 1880, 10 per cent of Melbourne's population attended matches. The games were bigger than British football (soccer) crowds in the early days."
Dr Pennings said pigeons were used to send news about the games to those who couldn't attend and players got into fights with hostile fans who threw stones and bricks at opposing teams.
The book traces what was originally known as "Melbourne Football Club Rules" up to the formation in 1897 of the Victorian Football League (now AFL). Dr Pennings' research also highlights Aboriginal players' contribution to the game, and the discrimination they faced.
Published through Connor Court Publishing in Victoria, the book is the first in a series of four volumes called Origins of Australian Football: Victoria's Early History.
"This book is going to be marvellous for genealogists and football historians. It's going to give a full picture of that period and insight into the social mores of the time as they related to sport," Dr Pennings said.
An art historian who grew up in Melbourne and supports Essendon FC, Dr Pennings has spent the past 12 years piecing together the early history of Aussie Rules, including its disputed origins.
He said his research showed the sport started in Australia as a variation of rugby.
Dr Pennings said white-collar workers, cricketers and private school students from Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College played Aussie Rules in the 1860s and the sport spread to sportsmen from other classes by the mid-1870s.
"For the first 15 years, it was a middleclass gentlemen's game and a popular past-time among cricketers, who were looking for a sport in the off-season," he said.
"It started on rectangular fields like rugby, and there were only 10 original rules. These rules were fairly open so it became a unique game because it developed on the field of play as players argued over how the rules might be developed during a game. "
Dr Pennings said many of the stereotypes about the supporters of different football clubs could be traced back to the formative years of Aussie Rules.
He said the AFL's oldest club, Melbourne, was known as a team for the "toffee-nosed and wealthy", for example, while Carlton had players from diverse backgrounds and was perceived as democratic.
"Collingwood was working class when it was founded in 1892. St Kilda is an arts club and always recruited players from diverse classes and interests.
"Some of these ideas still persist today."
Visit the publisher's site www.connorcourt.com for more information about the book.
RELATED ARTICLE:Extreme sports not about risk-taking: study
Media contact: Stephanie Harrington, media officer, 3138 1150, email@example.com